Visual GK : Popular Yoga Postures (Asanas)
Yoga is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. The origins of yoga have been speculated to date back to pre-Vedic Indian traditions; it is mentioned in the Rigveda, but most likely developed around the sixth and fifth centuries BCE.
One of the six major orthodox schools of Hinduism is also called Yoga, which has its own epistemology and metaphysics, and is related to Samkhya philosophy.
Yoga gurus from India later introduced yoga to the West, where it has developed into a form of posture-based physical fitness, stress-relief and relaxation technique. Yoga in Indian traditions, however, is more than physical exercise; it has a meditative and spiritual core.
The ancient yoga texts mention 84 Classic Asanas or postures and associate them with Lord Shiva. Among them 12 are considered as basic asanas:
Trikonasana, Virabhadrasana, Vrksasana, Sarvangasana, Adhomukha Svanasana, Dhanurasana, Bhujangasana, Halasana, Ardha Padmasana, Anjaneyasana, Parivrtta Ustrasana and Navasana.